Tuscany

Italy

Best season to visit Tuscany

  • September – October, April – May are the most comfortable
  • July and August may be very hot
  • Some attractions, agriturismo bed and breakfast, churches and wineries may be closed November to March
Local specialties

How to visit wineries in Tuscany

Travelling by car or getting on one of the organized wine tours would be the two best options to taste wines in Tuscany. 

Using public transport would require more organization and planning, but it is possible to reach wineries by train, bus and a bit of biking and walking.

If you want to go for a wine tasting in Tuscany, you can pick one of these three main areas: ChiantiSouthern Tuscany (Brunello di Montalcino), and the Coast (Bolgheri Super Tuscans). 

Tuscany by car

Most Tuscany wineries are open to the public, however, it is recommended to book your winery visits in advance by calling them up or emailing.  

Allow approximately 1 to 2 hours for each winery visit, a tasting and a chat with a winemaker, the wineries will tell you the duration of the visit. I found that many wineries include lunch into their tasting packages.

To visit top wineries of the region like Antinori and Ornellaia, I suggest to make your arrangements with the wineries as early as possible, months in advance, or ask your private driver to do that for you. Some wineries will be closed for visits on the weekends.

Below, I put together the lists of recommended wineries to visit in Tuscany by region, as well as the map of top Tuscany wineries.

Tuscany without a car

Reaching wineries using public transport means a bit more planning and a tighter time schedule.  

Trains to Tuscany wine regions from Florence, Siena, Rome and other cities. Train schedules can be found on Trenitalia website

To visit Chianti wineries take a train to Poggibonsi or Castellina stations. You need to change trains at the Empoli train station if you’re coming or going to Florence. To reach wineries from there, arrange a taxi or ask wineries to pick you up.

If travelling by bus from Florence, one of the options is to reach Greve in Chianti or another town of Chianti that i listed above, and walk from the town to one of the wineries.

An organized wine tour is another good option when travelling without a car. Tuscany wine tours pick up from Florence, Rome, Pisa, Siena, San Gimignano, Lucca, Arezzo, or your accommodation in Tuscany.


Tuscany wine regions

Chianti

Chianti is based on the foothills of the Apennines between the cities of Pisa, Florence and Siena.  

Sangiovese is the main grape of the region. The wines are produced in the appellations of Chianti DOCG, and the more prestigious Chianti Classico DOCG and Chianti Classico Riserva DOCG. The latter two are marked with a little black rooster on the label.  

The vineyards of Chianti Classico are at higher altitudes than Chianti and produce wines with greater acidity and herbal aromas. 

The Chianti Classico region is defined by the towns between Florence and Siena: GrevePanzanoCastellinaGaiole and Radda.  Almost all the famous Chianti estates are located near one of these towns, and in Rufina is to the East of Florence.

The best years for Chianti Classico have recently been 2006, 2010, 2013, 2016 (Parker).

White wines lovers – taste the Vernaccia di San Gimignano, Trebbiano, Malvasia, Vermentino and the sweet Vin Santo.  

You may find this Central Tuscany wine map helpful. 

Wineries to visit in Chianti:

Greve in Chianti:

Panzano in Chianti:

  • Fattoria Le Fonti
  • Fattoria Montagliari

Castellina in Chianti:

Radda in Chianti:

Gaiole in Chianti:

Other options to visit wineries by car:

 

Southern Tuscany – Brunello di Montalcino and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano

This wine region is located to the south of Siena. It is warmer here than in Chianti, and the wines are often more intense and fuller-bodied.

The Brunello di Montalcino DOCG appellation is a star of Tuscany. Brunello is one of the most treasured wines of the world. Today, there are nearly 200 producers of Brunello di Montalcino, mostly small farmers and family estates, together producing nearly 330,000 cases per year. 

The wines are produced strictly from Sangiovese grapes grown around Montalcino, a picturesque classic Tuscan hilltop village with amazing views. Brunello di Montalcino wines undergo a minimum ageing of five years.  Brunello has enormous tannins with touches of leather, tobacco and dark fruit. I would not miss an opportunity to taste Brunello and take some home.

The best years for Brunelli di Montalcino have recently been 2006, 2007, 2010, 2013, 2015, 2016 (Parker).

Vino Nobile di Montepulciano is produced around the town of Montepulciano. Wines must be a blend of Sangiovese  (minimum 70%) and other permitted varieties primarily Canaiolo Nero and must be aged for a minimum of two years in oak and 6 months in the bottle before being made available for purchase.  

Vino Nobile’s small brother,  Rosso di Montepulciano is lighter and can be enjoyed at any time. 

Brunello di Montalcino wineries dominate many wine rankings (see James Suckling top 100 wines of 2019).

Wineries to visit in Montalcino:

View wine tours to Chianti.

3. The Coast and ‘Super Tuscans’

The coastal region of Tuscany is cooled by sea breezes.  Cabernet Sauvingnon, Merlot and Syrah are widely planted here.  Super Tuscan wines, a mix of French grapes with Italian terroir first became popular in the 1970 and still are among the most appreciated wines of Italy.

The best Super Tuscans are rich and full-bodied, with well-integrated tannins and spice from oak, and can age for decades.

High quality wines are made in the new appellations of Bolgheri and Maremma Toscana on the cost of the Tyrrhennian sea.  Maremma  is also home to excellent Morellino di Scansano DOCG robust reds, great beaches and outdoor hot springs open all year around.

The best years for Brunelli di Montalcino have recently been 2006, 2009, 2016 (Parker).

Tuscany coast wine map 

Wineries to visit in Bolgheri:

Southern Tuscany – Brunello di Montalcino and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano

This wine region is located to the south of Siena. It is warmer here than in Chianti, and the wines are often more intense and fuller-bodied.

The Brunello di Montalcino DOCG appellation is a star of Tuscany. Brunello is one of the most treasured wines of the world. Today, there are nearly 200 producers of Brunello di Montalcino, mostly small farmers and family estates, together producing nearly 330,000 cases per year. 

The wines are produced strictly from Sangiovese grapes grown around Montalcino, a picturesque classic Tuscan hilltop village with amazing views. Brunello di Montalcino wines undergo a minimum ageing of five years.  Brunello has enormous tannins with touches of leather, tobacco and dark fruit. I would not miss an opportunity to taste Brunello and take some home.

The best years for Brunelli di Montalcino have recently been 2006, 2007, 2010, 2013, 2015, 2016 (Parker).

Vino Nobile di Montepulciano is produced around the town of Montepulciano. Wines must be a blend of Sangiovese  (minimum 70%) and other permitted varieties primarily Canaiolo Nero and must be aged for a minimum of two years in oak and 6 months in the bottle before being made available for purchase.  

Vino Nobile’s small brother,  Rosso di Montepulciano is lighter and can be enjoyed at any time. 

Brunello di Montalcino wineries dominate many wine rankings (see James Suckling top 100 wines of 2019).

Wineries to visit in Montalcino:

View wine tours to Brunello.

Map of Tuscany wineries to visit

There are hundreds of wineries in Tuscany and many would welcome you for the visit and the tasting.   

The ones I marked on the map below are also famous for their exceptional wines.

Tuscany wine tours

Hire a private guide or get on one of the wine tours if you don’t want to navigate the winding Tuscan roads, to deal with Italian drivers, or to designate a driver.

Wine tours usually run from Florence, Siena, Pisa, Rome, Arezzo, and San Gimignano.

Most organized wine tours will run with up to 8 people and last between 3 and 12 hours.  A visit of 2-3 wineries in the Tuscan hills with lunch makes a perfect day-tour from Florence or another city. 

Depending on the tour itinerary, your guide may also stop in popular cities and at historic castles. On many tours, besides the wine, you can taste olive oil, Pecorino cheese and other local specialties.

Private wine tours in Tuscany would usually pick you up from your accommodation. This would be an easier way to visit your preferred wine regions and wineries, and enjoy Tuscany at your own pace.  

 

Best Chianti wine tours from Florence - Small Group

Best Chianti wine tours from Florence - Private Tours

Best Brunello di Montalcino wine tours

Best Bolgheri Super Tuscans wine tours

Tuscany wine tours from Rome

Tuscany wine tours from Siena

Tuscany wine tours from San Gimignano

Tuscany wine tours from Montepulciano and Lucca

Tuscany wine tours by bike, Vespa moto, safari car, and hot air balloon

Top-rated Tuscany wines

There are hundreds of estates in Tuscany.  See the absolute best as selected by the critics: 

Great value wines: Chianti Classico by James Suckling

Faccini DoctorWine

10 Best Chianti Wines According to the Italians.

Taste these great Tuscany wines at home. 

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